Use of has/have

  • Read  the following sentences:
  1. I have a pet dog.
  2. Rita has a kitten.
  3. Ann has a doll.
  4. We have colourful kites.
  5. I have a red balloon.
  6. He has a toy-cart.
  7. We have a big house.
  8. They have a big car.
  9. I have a new book.
  10. She has many clothes.
  11. We have two eyes, two ears and a nose.
  12. A cow has four legs and a tail.

 Has and have are also Verbs. They show what somebody has i.e. they point out possession. We use has when we speak about one person or thing. We use have when we speak about more than one person or thing or with pronouns you, we, they and I.


Interrogative Sentences

Interrogative Sentences – Asking Questions

  • Compare the following sentences:
  1. I am happy.                                                          1. Am I happy?
  2. She is sad.                                                             2. Is she sad?
  3. John is absent.                                                     3. Is John absent?
  4. It is cold.                                                                4. Is it cold?
  5. David’s clothes are dirty.                                   5. Are David’s clothes dirty?
  6. The children were playing in the park.            6. Were the children playing in the park?
  7. These grapes are sour.                                       7. Are these grapes sour?
  8. You have a watch.                                                8. Do you have a watch?
  9. They will come tomorrow.                                  9. Will they come tomorrow?
  10. She can drive a car.                                              10. Can she drive a car?
  • The sentences on the left-hand side tell something. They are called statements.
  • The sentences on the right-hand side ask questions. They are called interrogative sentences.
  • A sentence that asks a question is called an interrogative sentence.
  • We put a question mark (?) at the end of an interrogative sentence.

  • Formation of interrogative sentences:

  1. In sentences beginning with I am/He is/You are/John was, we put am, is, are, was etc. before the subject.
  2. In sentences beginning with He has/You have/I had, etc. we put has/have/had, before the subject.
  3. If the Verb is made up of two words, we put the first word before the subject.
  • Now study the following sentences carefully and see which words change their place:

  1. I am reading a book.                                              1. Am I reading a book?
  2. He is busy now.                                                       2. Is he busy now?
  3. The windows are open.                                         3. Are the windows open?
  4. Jane and Jenny are sisters.                                    4.  Are Jane and Jenny (they) sisters?
  5. She was absent yesterday.                                    5. Was she absent yesterday?
  6. You were not well yesterday.                                6. Were you not well yesterday?
  7. He had no money in his wallet.                             7. Had he no money in his wallet?
  8. Rita has a doll.                                                           8. Has Rita a doll?
  9. The students will go for a picnic tomorrow 9. Will the students go for a picnic tomorrow?
  10. The basket is full of red apples.                              10. Is the basket full of red apples?
  • Questions also begin with words like who, what, why, when, where, how, how many do/does, did, can, will, shall etc. For example:

  1. What is your name?
  2. How old are you?
  3. How many books do you have?
  4. Why is the market closed?
  5. What is Sheela doing?
  6. Where has father gone?
  7. Who is singing?
  8. Did you go to school?
  9. Did the teacher give you a test?
  10. Can you drive car?
  11. Will you come tomorrow?
  12. Shall I meet you at the station?


Some words in English have direct opposite meanings. These words are also known as Antonyms. Study the following words and their opposite                                                   

Black                 White                                 Buy                 Sell

Day                    Night                                  Far                Near

Light                   Dark                                   Short             Tall

In                        Out                                     Clean             Dirty

Up                     Down                                   Sweet           Sour / Bitter

Top                    Bottom                               Beautiful              Ugly

Over                   Under                                  Soft                    Hard

Throw                 Catch                                  Rough                 Smooth

Pull                      Push                                    True                     False

High                    Low                                     Right                   Wrong

Fat                      Thin                                     First                       Last

Heavy                 Light                                     Old                       Young

Dry                     Wet                                     Polite                      Rude

Poor                    Rich                                     Slow                      Fast

Careful                Careless                               Hot                         Cold

Love                     Hate                                    Dwarf                     Giant

Open                    Shut                                      Good                      Bad

Give                     Take                                       Sink                      Float

Add                     Subtract                              Empty                      Full

Begin                   End                                       Back                       Front

Laugh                   Cry                                       Shallow                   Deep

Happy                Unhappy / Sad                    Before                         After

Old                      New                                    Strong                       Weak

One                    Many                                  Wild                            Tame

Stand                   Sit                                        Ripe                           Raw

Yes                     No                                       Kind                           Cruel

Warm                 Cool                                    Win                              Lose

Big                      Small                                   Sharp                           Blunt

Boy                     Girl                                      Cheap                         Costly

Man                  Woman                                Remember                  Forget

Brother            Sister                                    Reward                          Punish

Son                Daughter                                 Like                               Dislike

Father              Mother                                 Loose                             Tight

Husband           Wife                                     Profit                             Loss

Uncle               Aunt                                     Present                          Absent

King                Queen                                  Friend                           Enemy

Prince             Princess                               Winter                          Summer

He                    She                                       Asleep                          Awake

Cock               Hen                                      Horse                            Mare

Ox / Bull          Cow                                     Peacock                        Peahen

Dog                  Bitch

There are some of the commonly used opposites.

Exercise 1 :- Fill in the blank in the following sentences with the opposites of the underlined words:

  1. Charlie is rich but Jonny is _______.
  2. Rita came first in the race but sheela came _______.
  3. The day is warm but the night is ________.
  4. My glass is full but your’s is ________.
  5. Mr. Hardy buys and ________ property.
  6. I have only one pencil but she has ________.
  7. We should not be sad but ________.
  8. The night is dark but the day is full of ________.
  9. You pull the cart and I will ________ from behind.
  10. Answer the question with a yes or ________.

Exercise 2 :- Fill in the blanks choosing appropriate opposite words given below:

Big,                     Tall,                    Up,                      Top,                         Bottom,                                                       Down,                 old,                     Shallow,              Hot,                         Deep,                          Cold,                   Small,                 Short,                  Fast,                         Float,                                                       Add,                   Subtract,            Sink,                   Young,                     Slowly.

  1. Tea is _______ but an icecream is _______.
  2. The see-saw goes _______ and _______.
  3. Children love to slide from _______ to _______.
  4. Water on this side of  the pool is _______ but on the other side it is _______.
  5. You should learn to _______ and _______.
  6. A paper boat will _______ on water but a stone will _______.
  7. A bicycle moves _______ but a car moves _______.
  8. The _______ should look after the _______.
  9. Elephant is _______ but a mouse is _______.
  10. Giraffe is _______ but a rabbit is _______.

English Alphabetical Order

Alphabetical Order

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z are the 26 letter of the English alphabet. We use these letter to form words. The A B C D order is also called the alphabetical order of English. In a dictionary or an encyclopedia words are arranged in this order. It helps to locate the meaning easily. In a telephone directory or an attendence register also names of people are given in this order.

Exercise 1 – Write 5 words each beginning with the alphabets given below:


Exercise 2 – Arrange these names in alphabetical order:

Anita, Rita, Bill, Sam, Mary, Johiv, Kate, Charies, Liz, Harry, Tom.

Exercise 3 – Write the names of these birds in alphabetical order:

Crow Cuckoo Cock Crane

Pengeein Parrot Peacock Pigeon

Exercise 4 – Make any ten words using the letter of the word: